The Biennial Nation
Carolyn Christov-Bakargiev (Director, Castello di Rivoli Museum of Contemporary Art and Director, Fondazione Francesco Federico Cerruti), Catherine David (Deputy Director, National Museum of Modern Art, Centre Pompidou), Bongiwe Dhlomo-Mautloa (artist, curator), Gabi Ngcobo (curator, educator), Octavio Zaya (Executive Director, Cuban Art Foundation)
Moderator: Coco Fusco (artist, writer and Professor, Cooper Union School of Art)
This panel will engage with the form of biennials in relation to the notion of nation-state in the age of globalisation. It will explore ways in which biennials can become spaces for the imagining of nations but also provide critiques of nations. Panelists will take a critical look at biennials as spaces of cultural diplomacy and examine what this diplomacy means as these biennials become spaces for projecting national images. Several biennials, including the Whitney Biennial, Gwangju Biennale, Shanghai Biennale, Biennale of Sydney and Manifesta, have courted controversy over issues of diversity, sponsorship, censorship and politics.
The Biennials in Pakistan
Presentation: Sadia Kamran
Karachi Biennial 2019: Censorship and Curatorial Responsibilities
Presentation: Samina Iqbal